Fri. Dec 3rd, 2021

What do worms eat? That’s a good question, and one that many people, when asked, have no idea what worms actually eat. Worms eat food, mainly dead organic matter and micro-organisms such as fungi and bacteria. Worms can get food from pretty much anything organic that dies in the environment rain, leaves, compost, kitchen scraps, etc. But what do worms eat best when confined to a sealed worm bin?

You could feed earthworms with raw fruits and vegetables, but these are high in starches and carbohydrates. Starches are converted to sugars by the enzymes in the fruits and vegetables, and the sugars have been processed too much by the body to be effective. So, what do you do with a batch of rotting, dead fruits and vegetables? You could feed your worms, but they would prefer something that is more alkaline. Alkalized foods are commonly known as “alkaline foods,” including citrus fruit and other fruits that are more acidic in nature (for example, pineapple).

What do earthworms eat best, then, if they live in an environment that is naturally alkaline? Well, one of the best ways for earthworms to receive a steady dose of alkaline nutrients is through the use of soil additives. Most of the commercially-available fertilizers and soil additives on the market are highly-acidic. If you are starting a compost pile, or trying to make compost from your home’s waste, then you should consider making your batch highly-alkaline.

The first thing to add to the soil in your worm bin are organic kitchen scraps, such as meat, fish, and egg shells. Keep in mind that you will probably need to water this mixture every day, so plan this into your gardening schedule. Be sure to use a lot of water, and make sure that it is always moist. If you use any organic material that has been composted, add some water as well, to allow the materials to rinse out.

To begin your worm-raising diet, place fresh cut grass on top of the topsoil. Grass is a great addition because it is high in nutrients – both nitrogen and potassium – which are important to the worms. Some other organic materials that you can put on top include alfalfa straw, blood meal, worm castings, or even grass clippings. Remember to wash all these organic materials well before using them as a starter for your garden compost.

When you have your first batch of compost ready to go, begin by mixing your foods – the organic materials mentioned above, along with a little bit of soil (water will be helpful here) – into a small compost bin. If you wish, you can make a couple of different sized bins that will house your worm bin and other composting materials. Next, you will want to line the inside of your large bin with coffee grounds that contain a little bit of worm poop each day. When the worms begin to eat their way through this special mixture of foods, they will quickly reach their full body weight and will be ready to begin eating their natural foods again.

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